Fake news -- Some people define "fake news" as news that is created to make money. Other people broaden the definition to include deliberate spread of misinformation to persuade someone. "Language, statistical figures, graphics, and other forms of presentation intended to persuade by impressing and overwhelming a reader or listener with a blatant disregard for truth and logical coherence." (Carl Bergstrom)
Post-truth -- "Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief." Oxford Dictionaries
Bias -- prejudice, unfounded skewing of information
Perspective -- Point of view, standpoint, how someone interprets the facts
Spin -- selective telling of facts, using tone to project bias, using language to elicit a response
Truth -- "collections of data"
Unethical journalistic practices -- inventing sources, for instance
Yellow Journalism -- term used to describe sensational headlines intended to sell newspapers
Claire Wardle of First Draft News identifies seven types of fake news:
Why should you care about whether or not your news is real or fake?