Public Performance Rights (PPR) are the legal rights to publicly show a film or video. Normally the media producer or distributor manages these rights.
PPR are required for all screenings of copyrighted media to audiences outside of regular curriculum. Examples:
PPR are not required for:
Showing media, whether borrowed from the library or rented/purchased, outside of the classroom may be illegal, and may place the University at risk.
Since the CSU-Pueblo Library purchases media to support the curriculum, and face-to-face teaching is exempt from PPR, not all of the library's DVDs and videos have PPR.
However, all movies and documentaries available on Kanopy include public performance rights, meaning they can be shown on campus in non-commercial applications (i.e., no admission costs are charged and no profit is made from the screening).
At this time, information about public performance rights is not included in the library catalog. You will need to contact the library to ask about particular items.
Based on: Public Performance Rights for Screening Media from ASU Libraries.
There are no hard and fast rules for what constitutes fair use. There are four factors (purpose of the use, nature of the original, amount used, and potential effect of the use) that must be evaluated to determine whether a particular scenario meets the definition of fair use. However, as teaching and education is one of the major reasons the fair use exception exists, it is worth examining how fair use applies to instructors.
It is essential to remember one thing: As the instructor, you are always expected to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) as soon as it is feasible. Each of the scenarios discussed below are based on recommendations from the U.S. Copyright Office on what to do if time or circumstances delay that process. Copying by instructors must meet tests for brevity and spontaneity:
This rule is based on the notion that instructors frequently need to make copies very shortly before they have to use them in class, and therefore have little time to track down the copyright holder and obtain permission. The use of the copies should be for one course at one school, and include a notice of copyright acknowledging the author of the work. If you use the same material over a period of multiple semesters or years, that is not within the spirit of the fair use exception.
There are also recommendations for "special works," which the U.S. Copyright Office defines as "certain works in poetry, prose, or in 'poetic prose' which often combine language with illustrations and which are intended sometimes for children and at other times for a more general audience that fall short of 2,500 words in their entirety."
Special works should never be copied in their entirety. An excerpt of no more than two pages or 10 percent, whichever is less, is the rule for special works.
Keeping in mind the rules described above, and that the source of all materials must be cited to avoid plagiarism, there are some basic guidelines from the U.S. Copyright Office on what may constitute fair use.
The CSU-Pueblo library can place copies of copyrighted articles, readings, and short audio or video clips on Reserve or eReserve for your class, and provide a password-protected link to post in Blackboard.
Based on: Copyright and Fair Use in the UMUC Online or Face-to-Face Classroom Guide from UMUC.
Public Domain: A work is in the public domain if its copyright term has expired, or if it has never been covered by copyright (such as works authored by the U.S. Government). Works in the public domain may be used for any reason by anyone since copyright does not apply.